By Lesley Sharp
In the USA this present day, the human physique defines a profitable web site of reusable elements, starting from entire organs to minuscule or even microscopic tissues. even supposing the scientific practices that permit the move of components from one physique to a different probably relieve pain and expand lives, they've got additionally irrevocably altered perceptions of the cultural values assigned to the physique.
Organ move is wealthy terrain to enquire& mdash;especially within the American context, the place subtle technological interventions have considerably formed understandings of well-being and health and wellbeing, agony, and loss of life. In Bodies, Commodities, and Biotechnologies, Lesley Sharp probes the ideological assumptions underlying the move of physique elements, the social value of donors' deaths, and the medico-scientific wishes surrounding complicated types of physique fix. Sharp additionally considers the experimental realm, during which nonhuman species and synthetic units current extra possibilities for restoration and for controversy.
A compelling medical research and social critique, Bodies, Commodities, and Biotechnologies explores the pervasive, and now and then pernicious, practices shaping American biomedicine within the twenty-first century.
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Extra resources for Bodies, Commodities, and Biotechnologies: Death, Mourning, and Scientific Desire in the Realm of Human Organ Transfer
Others, such as lawyer and policy analyst Andrew Kimbrell, have traced with meticulous care the expansion of what he called the “human body shop” in late twentieth-century 48 BODY COMMODITIES medicine (Kimbrell 1993). Lori Andrews and the late Dorothy Nelkin, combining their expertise in law and medical sociology, have addressed thorny questions about body “ownership” in contexts where harvested organs, fetal tissue, and reproductive and genetic biomaterials are highly marketable commodities (Andrews and Nelkin 1998).
From its inception, the NDFC has challenged the dominant assumption that donors’ identities must remain obscure. 7). Today this national quilt consists of approximately 1,500 squares submitted from diverse regions of the country by the kin, friends, and other loved ones of organ donors. 8), the Patches of Love Quilt has played a signiﬁcant role in 36 T H E G O O D D E AT H Image has been suppressed F I G U R E 1 . 7 . Sample squares from a panel of the Patches of Love quilt project of the National Donor Family Council, an organization housed within the headquarters of the National Kidney Foundation in New York City.
Such anxieties and forms of collective suffering are hardly conﬁned to our North American context: various European nations have erected monuments to those who were abandoned on the Russian front, and to colonial conscripts who died far from home during the two World Wars (Webster 1996). 7 People as far away as Madagascar insist on the necessity of honoring—and remembering—dead conscripted soldiers, and formidable anxieties focus squarely on those who perished far from home. Within Madagascar, the spirits of dead soldiers cast overboard at sea can work their way home and wreak havoc on the living, haunting waterways, bridges, and the dreams of their progeny, whom they are certain have forgotten them (Sharp 2002:ch.
Bodies, Commodities, and Biotechnologies: Death, Mourning, and Scientific Desire in the Realm of Human Organ Transfer by Lesley Sharp