By Ann E. Killebrew
Historic Israel didn't emerge inside of a vacuum yet quite got here to exist along quite a few peoples, together with Canaanites, Egyptians, and Philistines. certainly, Israel's very proximity to those teams has made it tricky - before - to tell apart the archaeological lines of early Israel and different modern teams. via an research of the implications from contemporary excavations in mild of proper old and later biblical texts, this booklet proposes that it really is attainable to spot those peoples and hint culturally or ethnically outlined obstacles within the archaeological checklist. good points of overdue second-millennium B.C.E. tradition are seriously tested of their ancient and biblical contexts so that it will outline the complicated social limitations of the early Iron Age and reconstruct the various fabric global of those 4 peoples. Of specific price to students, archaeologists, and historians, this quantity can also be a regular reference and source for college kids and different readers drawn to the emergence of early Israel.
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Extra resources for Biblical Peoples And Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, And Early Israel 1300-1100 B.C.E. (Archaeology and Biblical Studies 9)
Egypt, Hittite Hatti, Assyria, and most likely areas of mainland Greece can be defined as "core" areas. Peripheral regions would include portions of the Levant (excluding the major city-states) and the marginal zones of Egypt, Anatolia, and the Aegean. Cyprus, several key cities along the Levantine and Anatolian coasts (most notably Ugarit), and probably other regions of "interface" that experienced various degrees of center control and influence (or what can be termed a "contested periphery") functioned as "middlemen" in the lively international trade nehvork that thrived during the thirteenth century.
In contrast, E. Susan Sherratt (1991, 191-95; 1992), stressing that one should not equate locally produced Aegean style pottery with the largescale arrival of groups with an Aegean origin, sees the phenomenon of Mycenaean IIIC:1b pottery as a local adaptation of Mycenaean-style pottery (for a detailed discussion of Mycenaean IIIC:1b pottery, see ch. 5 below). James Muhly (1985,42-43; 1989,310; 1992) posits that, because a centralized palace system so characteristic of the Aegean and several regions of the Near East never developed on Cyprus, the island did not experience a total collapse at the end of the Late Cypriot II period.
Bloch-Smith builds upon Emberling's 1997 article definition of ethnic bonds as INTRODUCTION based on the "collective memory of a former unity" and upon]. " These issues are explored further in ch. 4. 23. No Iron I cemetery has been discovered or excavated at any of the five main pentapolis cities on the southern coastaL plan. Thus, Sea PeopLes or Philistine burial customs at these major centers are presently unknown. 24. , T. Dothan 1995a, 41-59; Stager 1995, 332-48; Barako 2000, 513-30; regarding their later acculturation, see Stone 1995, 7-32; lacovou 1998, 332-44.
Biblical Peoples And Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, And Early Israel 1300-1100 B.C.E. (Archaeology and Biblical Studies 9) by Ann E. Killebrew