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By James M. Lattis

Between Copernicus and Galileo is the tale of Christoph Clavius, the Jesuit astronomer and instructor whose paintings helped set the factors during which Galileo's recognized claims seemed so radical, and whose teachings guided the highbrow and medical schedule of the Church within the primary years of the medical Revolution.

Though particularly unknown this present day, Clavius was once vastly influential all through Europe within the past due 16th and early 17th centuries via his astronomy books—the typical texts utilized in many schools and universities, and the instruments with which Descartes, Gassendi, and Mersenne, between many others, realized their astronomy. James Lattis makes use of Clavius's personal courses in addition to archival fabrics to track the primary position Clavius performed in integrating conventional Ptolemaic astronomy and Aristotelian normal philosophy into an orthodox cosmology. even supposing Clavius strongly resisted the recent cosmologies of Copernicus and Tycho, Galileo's invention of the telescope eventually eroded the Ptolemaic international view.
By tracing Clavius's perspectives from medieval cosmology the 17th century, Lattis illuminates the conceptual shift from Ptolemaic to Copernican astronomy and the social, highbrow, and theological influence of the clinical Revolution.

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Extra info for Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the collapse of Ptolemaic cosmology

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From S. Rose, St. Ignatius Loyola and the Early Jesuits (London, 1891). Photograph courtesy of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Memorial Library. exactly when he studied this text. "63 By the time of Baldi's account, Clavius was an established and respected scholar who would have had no reason to conceal his debts, if any, to someone like Nunez. So it seems reasonable to accept his word that he had not studied, at least fonnaIly, with Nunez. If, in fact, Clavius did not study mathematics (with or without Nunez) at Coimbra, then it may well be that he was self-taught or nearly so, for in Rome (fig.

Between Copernicus and Galileo : Christoph Clavius and the Collapse of Ptolemaic Cosmology Account: ns148561 Copyright © 1994. University of Chicago Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. 32 CHAPTER TWO ability to construct instruments, such as the astrolabe, celestial globe, and quadrant, which he had studied under Clavius at the Collegio Romano. 6 Mathematical Sciences in the Jesuit Curriculum Clavius spent most of his life as a professor of mathematics, the role chosen for him by the Jesuit hierarchy.

S. or applicable copyright law. -.. Figure 6. Portrait of Clavius in about 1606. By E. de Boulonois after Francesco Villamena. From I. Bullart, Academie des Sciences (Amsterdam, 1682). Photograph courtesy of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Memorial Library . 92 This portrait of Clavius (see fig. 6) shows the aged professor, now sixtynine years old, seated at his desk and wearing the habit of a Jesuit priest. On the wall in the background hang an astrolabe and a quadrant-basic tools of the pretelescopic astronomer and themselves the subjects of some of Clavius's books .

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Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the collapse of Ptolemaic cosmology by James M. Lattis


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