By NICHOLAS WADE WILLIAM BROAD
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Extra resources for Betrayers of the Truth : Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science
Notice that all mention of the true belief being non-lucky has been dropped. 11 On the face of it, this proposal might seem quite appealing. Take Edmund’s belief regarding the time. Although he possesses the relevant reliable cognitive abilities – he knows how to tell the time, for example – it is not because of these abilities that his belief is true, but, rather, down to the good fortune that he happened to look at the clock at the only time in the day in which it was displaying the right time.
References Audi, R. (1998). Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, London: Routledge. Bernecker, S. ). (2006). Reading Epistemology, Oxford: Blackwell. Bernecker, S. and Dretske, F. ) (2000). Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Blaauw, M. and Pritchard, D. H. (2005). Epistemology A–Z, Edinburgh: University Press. Chisholm, R. (1977). , Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Craig, E. (1990). Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
A second way in which one might naturally explain Lucky’s lack of knowledge is in terms of the fact that his true belief was not in any way the product of ability, but rather simply due to a lucky guess. In contrast, Mr. Big’s true belief was formed through ability. After all, he saw for himself that all the other horses in the race were drugged and hence, given what he knows about the performance of drugged horses, he thereby knows that Lucky Lass will win. One way of putting this point is by saying that when one knows it is of some credit to one that one has a true belief.
Betrayers of the Truth : Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science by NICHOLAS WADE WILLIAM BROAD