By Abida Farooqi
This booklet provides an up to date review of arsenic and fluoride pollutants of soil and groundwater in Pakistan. It comprises the author’s doctoral dissertation on Lahore as a case learn and describes the mechanism of pollutants at the foundation of the findings in that zone. The ebook highlights the concrete scenario in Pakistan – together with the severity of the matter, its well-being results and the dangers posed to the folks residing in affected components via those significant pollution– and issues out crucial learn parts that decision for instant awareness. As such, it attracts consciousness to the necessity for administration thoughts within the affected components and gives a priceless reference paintings on Pakistan for college students and researchers alike.
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Extra info for Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective
The government agencies provided alternate source of water supply. More than 400 residents were diagnosed with bone disease, which included common complaints of joint and back pain. Bone deformation and spinal defects were also observed. 1). Many local Government organizations like PCSIR, PCRWR and GSP collected and analyzed the water samples from Kalalanwala. The initial reports showed very high level of F− (>20 mg/L) along with high concentrations of As 960 µg/L (Naseem et al. 2010). A reconnaissance survey of groundwater at Kalalanwala and © Springer India 2015 A.
These drains when discharge into the lake or river bodies cause high As pollution such as reported by (Shah et al. 2009), according to whom As pollution in Manchar lake is possibly due to local drains receiving high domestic and municipal wastes. 5 Arsenic polluted countries in South Asia with affected population and the reason/mechanism of pollution Country Bangladesh Year of discovery 1993 Population affected by As 35,000,000 India China Pakistan 1978 1953 2000 11,000,000 5,600,000 2, 000,000b Max.
The present study area is also an agriculture area, where fertilizers like DAP, urea and much kind of pesticides are extensively used for high production of crops. org) (Fig. 7). One of the major concerns in today’s world is the pollution and contamination of soil and groundwater by the use of fertilizers. The use of 3 Mechanism of Arsenic and Fluoride Release … 42 Fig. 7 Fertilizer’s consumption by product (FAO 2004) chemical fertilizers and pesticides has caused tremendous harm to the environment.
Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective by Abida Farooqi