By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop
Every year, 740 000 humans die because of armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our possibilities of attaining the Millennium improvement pursuits. This booklet can assist relief donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to remodel strong phrases into sturdy programmes which may finally aid decrease armed violence globally. desk of content material : government precis creation bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence traits and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence relief (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. exams: using the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and ways Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of nearby tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography
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Additional resources for Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict and Fragility)
See also SALW guidance chapter in OECD-DAC, 2005a. ARMED VIOLENCE REDUCTION: ENABLING DEVELOPMENT – ISBN 978-92-64-06015-9 – © OECD 2009 54 – 3. 2. Preliminary questions for understanding the motivations of, and risk factors affecting, perpetrators • • • • • • • • • Who is committing armed violence? Where? When? What are their motivations? How are the perpetrators related to the people? How are they related to state actors and institutions? How is demand for arms shaped by the wider formal institutional environment?
Young guns and the demographic risks of armed violence From the alleyways of Nairobi’s Kibera slum to the cocaine-processing enclaves of Colombia’s highlands and militia encampments in Darfur, the age of violence entrepreneurs is strikingly similar. The overwhelming majority of those wielding arms are male and less than 30 years old. In developed countries males are responsible for four out of every five violent crimes. For several decades there has been growing awareness that those countries with a large proportion of young adults have an elevated risk of experiencing the emergence of new civil conflict, political violence, and domestic terrorism.
For AVR, a key lesson is that DDR should be approached from within a state-building perspective. Sustainable reintegration requires community-based and national development approaches designed to strengthen the resilience and legitimacy of state-society relations. Applying developmental and preventive approaches to dealing with crime and youth gangs – Law enforcement needs to be balanced with broader developmental and preventive strategies. Conventional state-led approaches to dealing with crime and youth gangs have preferred heavy-handed “law and order” responses.
Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict and Fragility) by OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop