By Rachel Hachlili
Old Synagogues - Archaeology and paintings. New Discoveries and present study provides archaeological proof - the structure, paintings, Jewish symbols, zodiac, biblical stories, inscriptions, and cash – which attest to the significance of the synagogue. whilst regarded as a complete, these types of items of facts ensure the centrality of the synagogue establishment within the lifetime of the Jewish groups throughout Israel and within the Diaspora. most significantly, the synagogue and its paintings and structure performed a robust function within the renovation of the elemental ideals, customs, and traditions of the Jewish humans following the destruction of the second one Temple and the lack of Jewish sovereignty within the Land of Israel. The e-book additionally contains a complement of the record at the Qazion excavation.
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Additional info for Ancient Synagogues—Archaeology and Art: New Discoveries and Current Research (Handbook of Oriental Studies)
XI-11) in a border of the panel showing Noah’s ark; the inscription flanks a menorah and ritual objects which would be seen by anyone leaving the synagogue (Fig. VIII-8b, c; Roth-Gerson 1987:no. 10; Piccirillo 1992:290). A different institution, the ( בית מדרשBeth midrash), an academy or school, is referred to in a Hebrew inscription carved on a basalt lintel found at Dabura (in the Golan), which states that ‘ זה בית מדרשו של הרבי אליעזר הקפרthis is the academy/school of Rabbi Eliezer ha-Qappar’ (Fig.
The main nave pavement carpet is usually divided lengthwise into three panels, each thematically distinct, with a recurring design and theme: Chapter VI is devoted to the Jewish symbols panel, situated in front of the Torah shrine, containing a depiction of a Torah shrine or ark flanked by a pair of menoroth, each of them in turn flanked by two or four ritual objects. Chapter VII discusses the Jewish calendar as represented by the zodiac scheme (usually the second panel), which is composed of the seasons, zodiac signs, and the sun and moon and includes a comparison with similar zodiac designs in other countries, and similar motifs in later Jewish art.
A different institution, the ( בית מדרשBeth midrash), an academy or school, is referred to in a Hebrew inscription carved on a basalt lintel found at Dabura (in the Golan), which states that ‘ זה בית מדרשו של הרבי אליעזר הקפרthis is the academy/school of Rabbi Eliezer ha-Qappar’ (Fig. XIV-4). The lintel is decorated by a pair of eagles each holding a snake in its beak, which form a wreath; the inscription is engraved within this wreath and flanks it (Urman 1972:16–23; 1981:155–6; Naveh 1978:no.
Ancient Synagogues—Archaeology and Art: New Discoveries and Current Research (Handbook of Oriental Studies) by Rachel Hachlili