By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the vastly lengthy and complicated cultural heritage of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an outline of pre-Columbian ancient occasions and events with a attention of significant learn difficulties and efforts and areas the final flowering of indigenous advanced civizations inside their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
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Additional info for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
In addition to a pompous ceremonial center Tula contained widely spread living quarters for its approximately thirty thousand inhabitants. SOCIAL STRUCTUREThe main ceremonial area was full of architectural innovations that indicate decisive sociocultural changes. In the center there was a huge plaza with enough space for a hundred thousand people. On three of its sides were elongated meeting halls, with ceilings supported by several rows of wooden columns, open to the plaza. In them several thousand people could stay at the same time; the length of stone benches along the walls of these halls measures more than one thousand meters.
The administrative capacity thus released was able to assure the supply of the city even from a distance and could organize a dependably functioning system. The turn to worldliness at Teotihuacán had consequences in all of Mesoamerica. The economic activities at Teotihuacán, especially the obsidian industry, became a decisive factor. Even in the latest period there was a new enterprise in the form of cinnabar mining in remote quarries. D. D. 540 to 600. The decline of Teotihuacán first touched the outer periphery.
The population was divided into two classes of extremely uneven numbers. The nobility, numbering perhaps 10 percent of the population, headed by the rulers of city-states (k'ulahaw)and their families, were followed in rank by the governors of dependent sites (sahal),and a broad noble group comprised of specialists like scribes, painters of luxury ceramics, and the carvers of stelae, and also those with various administrative tasks. An ostentatious court life and elaborate ceremonies were minutely portrayed on the outside of painted cylindrical vessels.
Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem