Download e-book for iPad: An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, by Geoffrey Hughes

By Geoffrey Hughes

ISBN-10: 0765612313

ISBN-13: 9780765612311

This is often the single encyclopedia and social historical past of swearing and foul language within the English-speaking global. It covers many of the social dynamics that generate swearing, foul language, and insults within the complete diversity of the English language. whereas the emphasis is on American and British English, the several significant international forms, akin to Australian, Canadian, South African, and Caribbean English also are lined. A-Z entries disguise the total diversity of swearing and foul language in English, together with interesting info at the heritage and origins of every time period and the social context within which it came upon expression. different types contain blasphemy, obscenity, profanity, the categorization of ladies and races, and modal forms, similar to the ritual insults of Renaissance "flyting" and smooth "sounding" or "playing the dozens." Entries disguise the ancient measurement of the language, from Anglo-Saxon heroic oaths and the mind-blowing strength of medieval profanity, to the stern censorship of the Renaissance and the colourful, glossy language of the streets. Social components, similar to stereotyping, xenophobia, and the dynamics of ethnic slurs, in addition to age and gender variations in swearing also are addressed, in addition to the main taboo phrases and the complicated and altering nature of spiritual, sexual, and racial taboos.

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Extra resources for An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, And Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World

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A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970. 24 BLACKS No group of Americans has been more denigrated by ethnic slur than blacks. In this poster from the 1866 Pennsylvania gubernatorial campaign, the image of a thoughtful young white man symbolizes the candidate’s white-supremacist platform, while the caricature of a black man represents his opponent’s “Negro suffrage” platform. (Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-32498) BLACKS Given the cultural histories of the dominant English-speaking communities, black people have consistently been seen as outsiders.

In this poster from the 1866 Pennsylvania gubernatorial campaign, the image of a thoughtful young white man symbolizes the candidate’s white-supremacist platform, while the caricature of a black man represents his opponent’s “Negro suffrage” platform. (Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-32498) BLACKS Given the cultural histories of the dominant English-speaking communities, black people have consistently been seen as outsiders. Although initially perceived as exotic, they have been subject to various kinds of negative stereotyping, deriving from the roles in which they have been variously placed, as barbarians, heathens, warriors, mercenaries, colonial subjects, and slaves.

636–38), his word is taken not merely as a statement of intent but as an article of faith. Perhaps most revealing is the point that when this extraordinary hero, slayer of monsters and a dragon, lies dying, Beowulf reflects modestly that he kept faith: “I did not pick treacherous quarrels, nor have I sworn unjustly any oaths” (ll. 2736–39). ” Black magic was thus seen as a form of false swearing. When the monster Grendel incapacitates the swords of the Danish warriors by evil spells, the term used is forsworen, “forsworn” (ll.

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An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, And Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World by Geoffrey Hughes


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