By Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti
In the course of Albania's transition from a centralized economic system to 1 anchored in a physique of Western legislation, deep social unrest, common poverty, out of control migration, and the reemergence of clan-based loyalties have resulted in a rise within the such a lot susceptible inhabitants teams. those teams usually tend to be marginalized via the industrial cycle, therefore making it more challenging to make sure asuccessful transition. One goal of the research is to spot key rising social concerns and difficulties in Albania and verify their explanations. despite the fact that, the most objective of this record is to suggest a brief- to medium-term motion technique to advisor and fasten social coverage and information projects distinct to the weak teams in components the place they're such a lot various, via a bottom-up procedure.
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Extra resources for Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460
Enterprise Consulting Italy was responsible for all the field work and for an earlier draft of the report; Deborah Davis oversaw its final editing. The World Bank is also thankful to Stephanie Schwanders-Sievers, Nash Fellow for Albanian Studies at the University of London, for her contribution to the World Bank Technical Consultation on Social Inclusion in Albania and, in particular, to this report. Finally, a special thanks to the Government of Albania for endorsing the study and the proposed strategy and, particularly, to Kosta Barjaba, the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs Chief of Cabinet, for his contribution to the implementation of the strategy for vulnerable groups in Albania.
This concept describes the new conditions of social weakness suddenly created by the turmoil in society, which are qualitatively different from poverty, although they often overlap with it in practice. Examination of the transition in Albania has identified two main conditions of vulnerability: (a) social exclusion, which marginalizes people via the mechanism of rejection from mainstream society; and (b) gender abuse, which marginalizes women via the threat or use of violence. This has gotten worse since the demise of the Communist regime, which forbade violence against women.
By Hermoine de Soto of the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Sector Unit of the World Bank's Europe and Central Asia Region. Gloria La Cava is a social scientist in the World Bank's Europe and Central Asia Region. Rafaella Y. Nanetti is professor of Urban Planning and Policy in the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs at the University of Illinois. Nanetti. cm. Europe and Central Asia environmentally and socially sustainable development series) Includes bibliographical references.
Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460 by Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti