Advances in Biophotonics by Pira International Ltd PDF

By Pira International Ltd

ISBN-10: 1847358454

ISBN-13: 9781847358455

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Imaging is used to track and monitor infectious diseases. Medical sensors come in a wide variety. Many have changed from analogue devices to digital devices based on semiconductors. One of the oldest medical sensors is a thermometer, where heat causes a liquid to expand and move along a capillary tube. Theory All sensors use one or more of the basic human body characteristics to record a measurement. Nanotube sensors can non-invasively measure changes in body sugar level. The results can be used to adjust the insulin dosage of diabetic patients.

Mid-IR wavelengths (~10–6m) are essential for biological and chemical testing. QC lasers can be designed to emit at any wavelength over an extremely wide range using the same combination of materials in the active region and they can be combined with a photonic crystal microcavity. Operating principle A tunable solid-state laser consists of two guiding double heterostructures: one heterostructure incorporates the active region, which amplifies the propagating laser light, and the second heterostructure is responsible for the tuning.

Medical experts are also required; they are needed to establish diagnostic criteria and to assess the results.  Data handling: medical imaging produces large amounts of data in 3D, multimodal and dynamic images.  Quality and reproducibility: medical images are extremely valuable and an incorrect diagnosis or analysis can have devastating consequences.  Validation of algorithms: it is crucial to do careful validation of algorithms on clinical cases. Here are some aspects that are specific to imaging research:  The sophistication and variety of imaging techniques  The increasing need for quantitative image analysis  The data is often very noisy and at the limit of resolution  The multiplicity dimensions: 2D or 3D, time (dynamic imaging), multispectral  The acquisition process: optical system (2D or 3D point spread function), noise.

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Advances in Biophotonics by Pira International Ltd

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