By Alessandra Giorgi
This e-book considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day gone by, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference aspect is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically by means of semantic ideas of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal position is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in accordance with info from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tricky and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the homes of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the houses of loose oblique Discourse - and exhibits that her framework can account elegantly for them all. rigorously argued, succinct, and obviously written her ebook will attraction extensively to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists drawn to the syntax-semantics interface.
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Additional resources for About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
In the conditional mood, thanks to the morphological ending -ebbe. Simplifying somewhat, this means that the wish is removed with respect to the real world. The object of the wish is understood, as usually happens with these verbs, as concerning the future of the speaker. The embedded subjunctive must, however, be a past subjunctive and cannot be a present one. This provides additional evidence in favour of the idea that the past morphology on the subjunctive does not mark any past-ness of the embedded event.
The saying, thinking, etc. episode. , the bearer of the attitude. It can be thought of as an index that in the semantics is expanded to include all the variables necessary for the interpretation. According to this perspective, the closest second argument, e2 , is the event deﬁned by F in the T-layer. Therefore, the result is the establishing of a relation between the embedded event and the superordinate one. 16 For further discussion, see also Higginbotham (2002). 26 The Speaker’s Projection The relation can be precede, follow, or overlap.
Tri-partition might be somewhat misleading, given that the real empirical problem concerns the difference in the interpretation between examples (14) and (16). In (14) the embedded event must be past with respect to the main event—and redundantly with respect to now. In (16) it must be future both with respect to the main event and to now, crucially contrasting with example (18). 2 The Double Access Reading 23 Let me now provide an empirical argument in favour of the double evaluation of the embedded tense.
About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Alessandra Giorgi